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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2017 , Volume 31 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Efficiency measurement of health care organizations: What models are used?



* Department of Management Sciences and Health Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Literature abounds with various techniques for efficiency measurement of health care organizations (HCOs), which should be used cautiously and appropriately. The present study aimed at discovering the rules regulating the interplay among the number of inputs, outputs, and decision-making units (DMUs) and identifying all methods used for the measurement of Iranian HCOs and critically appraising all DEA studies on Iranian HCOs in their application of such rules. Methods: The present study employed a systematic search of all studies related to efficiency measurement of Iranian HCOs. A search was conducted in different databases such as PubMed and Scopus between 2001 and 2015 to identify the studies related to the measurement in health care. The retrieved studies passed through a multi-stage (title, abstract, body) filtering process. Data extraction table for each study was completed and included method, number of inputs and outputs, DMUs, and their efficiency score. Results: Various methods were found for efficiency measurement. Overall, 122 studies were retrieved, of which 73 had exclusively employed DEA technique for measuring the efficiency of HCOs in Iran, and 23 with hybrid models (including DEA). Only 6 studies had explicitly used the rules of thumb. Conclusion: The number of inputs, outputs, and DMUs should be cautiously selected in DEA like techniques, as their proportionality can directly affect the discriminatory power of the technique. The given literature seemed to be, to a large extent, unsuccessful in attending to such proportionality. This study collected a list of key rules (of thumb) on the interplay of inputs, outputs, and DMUs, which could be considered by most researchers keen to apply DEA technique.
Keyword(s): Healthcare,Efficiency Measurement,Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA),Rule of Thumb,Iran
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