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Paper Information

Journal:   GEOGRAPHICAL JOURNAL OF TERRITORY   winter 2018 , Volume 14 , Number 56 #g00646; Page(s) 1 To 20.

Explaining the Situation of the Syrian Alevis After the Crisis

Author(s):  Ahmadi orkomi Abu taleb, HEIDARI GHOLAM HASSAN*, Faragi rad Abdol reza
* Group Geography, central Tehran Azad University, Tehran, Iran
With the arrival of the wave of the Arab world's rise to Syria, one of the most complex security challenges in the Middle East has occurred and the attention of many regional and transatlantic countries has attracted to this country. It may be said that the geopolitical importance of Syria and its strategic role in regional and international relations have contributed to the creation and continuation of these unrest. Although developments in Syria have partly been rooted in the dissatisfaction of the various strata and the country's tense situation, there is no doubt that the common, and sometimes contradictory, interests of foreign countries in Syria are effective in deepening the civil war and spreading the crisis. By dealing with the question: What is the position of the Syrian Alevis after the expansion of the crisis in this country? this paper attempts to explain the political situation of the Syrian Alevis government after the start of the civil war in the country using a descriptive-analytical method and with the benefit of library studies. In this regard, the following hypothesis is presented: The political power of the Alawite government in Syria has declined since the expansion of the civil war. The studies conducted to prove the above hypothesis reflect the fact that the Alawite political system in Syria has been severely damaged economically, governmentally, international recognition and demographically, after the start of the protests and the spread of the crisis in this country and does not have the previous legitimacy.
Keyword(s): Shia,land,sovereignty,Syrian Alevis,crisis
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