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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   may-june 2017 , Volume 33 , Number 2 (82) ; Page(s) 281 To 292.
 
Paper: 

Influence of seasonal variations on seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds and leaves in cultivated, wild species and F5 generation of inter-specific cross in Carthamus spp.

 
 
Author(s):  Karami s., SABZALIAN M.R.*, RAHIMMALEK M., SAEIDI GH., Khodaee L.
 
* Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran
 
Abstract: 
In order to investigate the possible influence of seasonal variation on the percentage of seed oil and total phenolic content in seeds and leaf of safflower, three populations (19 accessions) including 6 cultivars of cultivated species (Carthamus tinctorius), 4 genotypes of wild species (C. oxyacanthus) and 9 genotypes of F5 generation derived from inter-specific cross (C. tinctorius× C. oxyacanthus) in two sowing dates, were evaluated. The results showed the effect of planting dates was significant on the percentage of seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds (p<0. 01), except for leaf phenolic content. The percentage of seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds was higher in summer and spring planting dates, respectively. Also, in both planting dates, populations of cultivated and wild species had higher and lower percentage of seed oil, respectively. Whereas, percentage of seed oil in the populations derived from inter-specific cross was intermediate between cultivated and wild species, some genotypes in these populations had high percentage of seed oil and were in the range of percentage of seed oil observed for cultivated genotypes. Also, the total phenolic content of seeds in the genotypes with colored seed coat (black-seeded genotypes derived from the cross and wild genotypes) was higher comparing with white seed coat genotypes (cultivars and white-seeded genotypes derived from interspecific cross), then it seems that not only planting dates but also seed coat and genetic purity of loci controlling seed coat color may affect total phenolic content of seeds. In general, results of this experiment indicated that there is possibility of improving seed oil percentage and total phenolic content of seeds as the two factors with medicinal properties in Carthamus spp. using variation in planting dates and also inter-specific crosses. Furthermore, safflower leaf is a rich source in total phenolics in comparison with seed and can be used in pharmaceutical industries.
 
Keyword(s): Planting date,seed oil percentage,total phenolic content,Carthamus spp.,inter-specific hybridization
 
 
References: 
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Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

KARAMI, S., & SABZALIAN, M., & RAHIMMALEK, M., & SAEIDI, G., & Khodaee, L. (2017). Influence of seasonal variations on seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds and leaves in cultivated, wild species and F5 generation of inter-specific cross in Carthamus spp.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS, 33(2 (82) ), 281-292. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=665311



Vancouver: Copy

KARAMI S., SABZALIAN M.R., RAHIMMALEK M., SAEIDI GH., Khodaee L.. Influence of seasonal variations on seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds and leaves in cultivated, wild species and F5 generation of inter-specific cross in Carthamus spp.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS. 2017 [cited 2021May15];33(2 (82) ):281-292. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=665311



IEEE: Copy

KARAMI, S., SABZALIAN, M., RAHIMMALEK, M., SAEIDI, G., Khodaee, L., 2017. Influence of seasonal variations on seed oil and total phenolic content of seeds and leaves in cultivated, wild species and F5 generation of inter-specific cross in Carthamus spp.. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS, [online] 33(2 (82) ), pp.281-292. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=665311.



 
 
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