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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2017 , Volume 31 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Gender is a risk factor in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease



* Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center / Department of Internal Medicine, Firoozgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has increased in the last decades, and it is now one of the most common chronic and recurrent diseases. The present study aimed at determining the frequency of gender (sex) and age in Iranian patients with GERD symptoms. Methods: In this study, 803 patients aged 11 to 84 years, with erosive and nonerosive gastroesophageal reflux diseases, based on the questionnaire and esophagogastroduodenoscopy findings, participated. The female group was compared with the male group with respect to age, symptoms, esophageal injury, and hiatus hernia. Results: Of the 803 participants, 60. 5% (n= 486) were female, and 69. 2% (n= 555) were younger than 50 years. Of those patients older than 50 years, 32. 8% (n= 81) were female. Moreover, 31. 0% (n= 249) of the patients had erosive esophagitis (ERD), and 69. 0% (n= 254) had normal esophageal mucosa (NERD). The female to male ratio was 1/1. 06 and 1. 94/1 in ERD and NERD patients, respectively. Hiatal hernia was more prevalent in females than in males. Conclusion: Nonerosive reflux disease, as a gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), was more common in females than in males. GERD became more prevalent with increase in age. Gender and hiatal hernias were 2 potential risk factors of GERD.
Keyword(s): Esophageal Disease,Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease,Esophageal Reflux,Heartburn
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