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Paper Information

Journal:   MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI)   2017 , Volume 31 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.

Determination of lymphocytes surface markers in patients with thermal burns and the influence of burn size on mononuclear cell subsets



Author(s):  Entezami Kobra Z.*, MOSAVI TAHEREH
* Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Thermal burn injuries impair the host defence system. Hence, in the present study, we aimed at investigating the changes in the number and phenotype of peripheral blood lymphocyte populations (T, B, and natural killer cells) and their subpopulations in patients with thermal burns and determining the relationships with different sizes of total body surface area (TBSA). Methods: Blood samples from 67 patients, admitted to Motahary Burn Center in Tehran, with burns from 30% to more than 70% TBSA were collected on Days 3 and 7 postburn. Lymphocytes and their subpopulations were identified by monoclonal antibodies. The cells were analyzed using flow cytometry. The results were compared with healthy controls. Results: In this study, 3 and 7 days after burn injury, the percentages of CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocyte significantly decreased, CD4+/CD8+ ratios were below the normal range, and CD19+ (B cells) significantly increased. No significant difference was obtained in the mean percentage of CD16+ (NK cells) between Days 3 and 7 postburn. Patients with burns of 30% TBSA or greater (>70%) had a significant reduction in CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ ( T cells) numbers up to 7 days compared with 3 days after burn injury. Patients with 30% to >70 % TBSA burn failed to show any significant changes in CD4+/CD8+ ratio as well as CD16+ (NK cells) 3 to 7 days after burn. In patients with burns more than 30% to>70% TBSA, CD19+ (B cells) number changes were found to be complicated after 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that alterations of immune cell surface markers and TBSA% can reflect postburn lymphocyte activation.
Keyword(s): Thermal Burn,Total Body Surface Area (TBSA%),Lymphocytes,Flow cytometry
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