Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF WOOD AND PAPER SCIENCE RESEARCH   fall 2018 , Volume 33 , Number 3 (64) #g00642; Page(s) 369 To 380.
 
Paper: 

Investigating the effect of oxygen delignification process on kenaf bast kraft pulp properties

 
 
Author(s):  ZEINALY F.*, KAZEMI TABRIZI A., Einollahi Y., ASADI MALEKJAHAN F.
 
* Young Researchers and Elite Club, Karaj Azad University, Karaj, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Pulp bleaching process involves the final elimination of lignin. Actually, the application of oxygen delignification stage before bleaching process is the essential stage in improving bleaching process and reducing process emission. In this study, the effect of conducting oxygendelignifion process under different process condition, on chemical, physical, mechanical and optical properties of kenaf bast kraft pulp was investigated. The kenaf bast kraft pulp with the kappa number of 22, 1154 ml/g viscosity, and 38% ISO brightness respectively was prepared. Oxygen-delignification g treatments were carried out applying three different temperatures of 90, 100 and 110° C, and two oxygen pressures of 5 and 7 bars, with and without magnesium sulfate addition. Results indicated that oxygen delignification treatment led to intense decrease in pulp kappa number, while the pulp viscosity did not change significantly. Results of measuring delignified pulp viscosity showed that the magnesium sulfate addition prevented the pulp viscosity reduction. Lower temperature had a significant effect on the process improvement, but raising the oxygen pressure did not impart significant effect on the process. Also, the pulp brightness was increased about 7%.
 
Keyword(s): Oxygen delignification,kenaf bast kraft pulp,kappa number,viscosity,effluent
 
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