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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   January-February 2017 , Volume 32 , Number 6 (80) ; Page(s) 1099 To 1108.

Antifungal effects of four herbal essential oils on Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of strawberry grey mould disease under storage condition

* Science and Research Azad University, Tehran, Iran
This research was aimed to study the effects of essential oil of Lavandula (Lavandula angustifolia Mill. ) flowers, fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Miller. ) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum L. ) seeds, and peppermint (Mentha piperita L. ) shoots on the fungus Botrytis cinerea, causing strawberry gray mold. The study was conducted in PDA medium. The results showed that the essential oils of fennel and cumin had the highest antifungal activity. The essential oil compounds were isolated and identified by GC and GC/MS. The results obtained for the fruits inoculated with a spore suspension (1×105 spores in ml) indicated that the cumin oil was more effective in controlling the fungus B. cinerea on strawberry fruits as compared with fennel oil. The cumin oil had the highest effect in controlling strawberry gray mold, placed in one statistical group with thiabendazole.
Keyword(s): Essential oils,antifungal effects,Lavandula angustifolia Mill.,Cuminum cyminum L.,Foeniculum vulgar Miller.,Mentha piperita L.,postharvest diseases
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