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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE)   june 2017 , Volume 15 , Number 6; Page(s) 357 To 366.
 
Paper: 

Genital infections and reproductive complications associated with Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Streptococcus agalactiae in women of Qom, central Iran

 
 
Author(s):  Nateghi Rostami Mahmoud*, HOSSEIN RASHIDI BATOOL, HABIBI AZAM, NAZARI RAZIEH, DOLATI MASOUMEH
 
* Department of Parasitology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran, 1316943551
 
Abstract: 
Background: Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) are two most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections in the world. No data are available regarding the epidemiology of genital infections in women of Qom, central Iran. Objective: Epidemiological investigation of sexually transmitted infections in genital specimens of women referred to the referral gynecology hospital in Qom, central Iran. Materials and Methods: Genital swab specimens were collected from women volunteers and used for identification of bacterial and protozoal infections by conventional microbial diagnostics, porA pseudo gene LightCycler® real-time PCR (for N. gonorrhoeae) and ITS-PCR (for T. vaginalis). Results: Of 420 volunteers, 277 (65. 9%) had genital signs/symptoms, including 38. 3% malodorous discharge, 37. 9% dyspareunia, and 54. 8% abdominal pain. Totally, 2 isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae were identified. Five specimens (1. 2%) in Thayer-Martin culture and 17 (4. 1%) in real-time PCR were identified as N. gonorrhoeae. Fifty-four specimens (12. 9%) in wet mount, 64 (15. 2%) in Dorset’ s culture, and 81 (19. 3%) in ITS-PCR showed positive results for T. vaginalis. Five mixed infections of T. vaginalis+ N. gonorrhoeae were found. The risk of T. vaginalis infection was increased in women with low-birth-weight (p=0. 00; OR=43. 29), history of abortion (p=0. 00; OR=91. 84), and premature rupture of membranes (PROM) (p=0. 00; OR=21. 75). The probability of finding nuclear leukocytes (p=0. 00; OR=43. 34) in vaginal smear was higher in T. vaginalis infection. Conclusion: The significant prevalence of trichomoniasis and gonorrhea emphasizes the need for accurate diagnosis and effective surveillance to prevent serious reproductive complications in women.
 
Keyword(s): Sexually transmitted infections,Trichomoniasis,Gonorrhea,Pregnancy-related complications
 
 
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APA: Copy

NATEGHI ROSTAMI, M., & HOSSEIN RASHIDI, B., & HABIBI, A., & NAZARI, R., & DOLATI, M. (2017). Genital infections and reproductive complications associated with Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Streptococcus agalactiae in women of Qom, central Iran. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE), 15(6), 357-366. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664795



Vancouver: Copy

NATEGHI ROSTAMI MAHMOUD, HOSSEIN RASHIDI BATOOL, HABIBI AZAM, NAZARI RAZIEH, DOLATI MASOUMEH. Genital infections and reproductive complications associated with Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Streptococcus agalactiae in women of Qom, central Iran. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE). 2017 [cited 2021June19];15(6):357-366. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664795



IEEE: Copy

NATEGHI ROSTAMI, M., HOSSEIN RASHIDI, B., HABIBI, A., NAZARI, R., DOLATI, M., 2017. Genital infections and reproductive complications associated with Trichomonas vaginalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Streptococcus agalactiae in women of Qom, central Iran. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE BIOMEDICINE (IRANIAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE), [online] 15(6), pp.357-366. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=664795.



 
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