Paper Information

Journal:   GEOGRAPHICAL DATA   fall 2018 , Volume 27 , Number 107 #a00476; Page(s) 32 To 33.
 
Paper: 

Analyzing and measuring the vulnerability of urban buildings against earthquake using statistical analyses Case Study: The Worn Texture of BoroujerdCity

 
 
Author(s):  Sahami Habibollah*, Papi Sodabeh, KHOSRAVI NAHID
 
* Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran
 
Abstract: 
Introduction: Urban old fabrics are supposed to be one of the most vulnerable parts, which are affected in natural disasters mostly earthquakes. The buildings in such areas have no sufficient resistance because of long age and life span and in case of earthquake they are collapsed and may follow the losses of life and property. The main purpose of this article is to analyze and investigate the vulnerability of old fabrics in the downtown Boroujerd city to countermeasure the earthquake and to manage the crisis after the occurrence. The nature of this research is theoretical and practical and the research method is descriptive-analytial. The required data have been collected from library and through field work. In this study, AHP method is used to analyze the area under investigation. The extracted indices are analyzed with the help of GIS and Arcmap. The results indicate high and intensive vulnerability of buildings, if an earthquake occurs. The majority of buildings are suffering from low quality materials, high population density and the establishment of organic tissue and narrow alleys, which results in the rise of destruction and therefore, causes heavy losses of life and property. The readiness to counter the crisis can mitigate the earthquake effects and by knowing the special dimensions of vulnerable buildings, population and also road networks, can speed up the process, and by using time, reduce the casualties which is possible only when parameters are available for making geospatial data basis..
 
Keyword(s): Earthquake,Old fabric,Vulnerability,Downtown Boroujerd,GIS software
 
References: 
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