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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN   fall 2018-winter 2019 , Volume 6 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 97 To 109.

Analysis of Buffer Zone Vulnerability for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (Case Study: Toghrol Tower)

Author(s):  Kavian Vahid, Malian Abbass, Malek MohammadReza
Buffer zone must be taken into consideration for documentation and conservation reasons and it is necessary for any engineering activity to avoid violation of buffer zone and landscape of cultural heritage. Various buffer zones are defined for cultural heritage that for any of them special kind of conservation rules and limitations for construction activity and intervention are determined. Unfortunately this issue has not been well considered in Iran and as a result of this fact, cultural heritage and related buffer zones as well as urban landscapes have been severely hurt and undergo crisis and even unrecoverable damages. So, availability of maps representing vulnerability is quite necessary for conservation and management of historical monuments. These maps determine the level of damages imposed to cultural heritage due to different sources of risks. Managers of cultural heritage and municipality authorities can make accurate, rapid and appropriate decisions. This research, based on spatial information and analysis, studies cultural heritage buffer zones, identification and selection of main factors affecting buffer zones and landscapes such as different land use types of parcels, status of facades in the buffer zone and parcels height and density. Single inference method and spatial analyses together with raster calculations were used for producing of vulnerability maps. It was finally shown that only 6% buffer zones in zone 1 of district 20 of Tehran has remained undamaged and more than half of it suffers from intermediate or severe damage. This is a serious threat to cultural heritage and its surrounding environment.
Keyword(s): Heritage Documentation,Geospatial Information,Buffer Zone of Historical Buildings,Vulnerability,Fuzzy Expert System
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