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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DESIGN   fall 2018-winter 2019 , Volume 6 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 85 To 96.

Predicting Social Tendencies Based on Territoriality Indices in Inhabitants of Residential Complexes in Rasht

Author(s):  Hanifeh Fatemeh, Rashid Kolvir Hojjatollah, Kasehgar Mohammadi Shoaib, Abolghasemi Abbas
The purpose of the current study is to predict social tendencies based on territoriality indices in inhabitants of residential complexes. This research is descriptive and correlational, and the statistical population is 439 households living in 4 residential complexes in Rasht with a sample size of 186 available households. To collect data, a researcher-made checklist was used in five areas of research and was measured based on the residents' tendencies. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. The results of correlation coefficient showed that all 14 indices of territoriality have a significant relationship with social tendency. The results of regression analysis showed that 53. 6% of the variance of social tendency in physical basis is predicted by the parameters of spatial joints, architectural pattern and enclosure rate and 17. 8% of it in semantic basis is predicted by sense of control, self-actualization and satisfaction. Also, the contribution of the background domain with the security component is 4% and the contribution of the activity-behavioral domain with the components of time and period of repetition, privacy, spatial intimacy and density is 85% of the variance of social tendency, and these findings suggest that the design of the residential complex along with the control of territory, creates motivation and desire, optimism, hope for the future, and eventually social interaction.
Keyword(s): Social tendency,Territoriality,Residential complex,Rasht city
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