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Paper Information

Journal:   EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF JUNDISHAPUR   2018 , Volume 9 , Number Supplement #a00475; Page(s) 78 To 86.

The Effectiveness of Study Skill Training (SQ4R) on Self Esteem, Self-Efficacy

Author(s):  nour mohammadi Ali ashraf, foumani GHolam hossain*, HEJAZI MASOUD, morvati Zekrollah
* Zanjan Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
Personality traits of individuals are influential in many factors. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of studying study skill (SQ4R) on self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students. The research method was pre-test and post-test with control group and the statistical population of all second grade secondary school students in Kermanshah in academic year 2017/2018. A multi-stage random sampling method was used to select three randomly selected districts of Kermanshah and choose between two upper secondary schools and Copper Smith self-esteem questionnaires and Mijli self-efficacy was conducted on all 294 students pre-test. After completing the questionnaires, students who had a low score in self-esteem and self-efficacy. A total of 03 individuals were selected and randomly assigned into three groups of 15 (experimental and 1, 2 and 1 control groups). Study Skill Training Program (SQ4R) provided to students in experimental groups for 8 consecutive 45-minute sessions and the control group did not receive any training. At the end of 8 sessions, post-test was performed from each of the three groups and the data were analyzed by covariance analysis. The results showed that study instruction skills (SQ4R) increased their academic self-efficacy (P <0. 001) and Self Esteem (P <0. 001) in their students. Study skill (SQ4R) were effective in increasing self-efficacy and self-esteem among students, and it is recommended that teachers and school counselors use these methods to increase students' self-efficacy and self-esteem.
Keyword(s): study skill,(SQ4R),self steem,self efficacy,students
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