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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC POLICY IN MANAGEMENT   summer 2018 , Volume 9 , Number 30 #a00474; Page(s) 43 To 59.

The role of political participation and democratic system in shaping political culture (Case study: Kurdish Citizens in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region)

* Department of Management and Economics, Science and Research Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Background and Objective: Citizen participation in public affairs shows special relations in terms of the type of political structure and its functions, which in turn determines the views and attitudes of citizens towards the functioning of the political system. This study has been done with the aim of examining the effectiveness of political participation in the establishment of the democratic system and determining the participatory mechanisms on the formation of the values of the political culture of Kurdish citizens in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Research method: This research is in terms of objective, applied and in terms of nature and method, descriptive (survey) and in terms of relations between variables, is one of the correlation studies. According to Cochran's formula73 people are as a statistical sample and were selected by cluster sampling. The data gathering tool are researcher-made questionnaires to measure the variables of political participation, democracy, and values of political culture that were designed based on the five-value Likert scale. Before distributing questionnaires, they were provided to 25 experts to ensure their validity and reliability. Data were tested by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson correlation and path analysis. Findings: The results showed Collected data has a normal distribution, and there is a strong, positive and significant correlations between the research variables, as well as the results of the path analysis of variables are acceptable. Conclusion: The results are as follows, political participation of citizens is effective in establishing a democratic system, and democratic processes influence in shaping the values political culture.
Keyword(s): Political Participation,Democracy and Political Culture,Kurdish Citizens,the Iraqi Kurdistan Region
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