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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   winter 2018 , Volume 12 , Number 44 #f00630; Page(s) 131 To 145.

A Comparative Investigation of Miniatures in the SafavidShahnameh of Shah Tahmaspand Mongol Akbarnamawith aSemiotic Approach

Shahnameh of Shah Tahmaspfrom Safavid era and Akbarnama related to the Mongol’ s time are such masterpieces of miniature in the tenth century which not only have the same structures but also identical outwards. This study is aimed to investigate these works with a semiotic approach and based on the concept of dual oppositions that is one of the basic concepts in the structuralism criticism and theories of linguistics and semiotics. In this system, everything depends on the relationship andthe sign as a two-sided unit of its signifier and signified isinfluenced by the culture. The questions of this investigation are as follows: 1-What is the processof meaning production in these masterpieces? 2-To what extent do the signs in the pictures, that arecompared pairwise, grant signified to their signifiers and would make connection to meaning? This project has been performed with a descriptive-analytic approach and librarybased method. Research and study on the miniatures of these two versions show that: tendency to a limited space, priority of signs of culture over the nature, crowding of people, compaction of frames and plans with a realistic view, and relying on structural factors are dominant in miniatures of Akbarnama. On the contrary, characteristics such as displaying in the open space and lush nature, the systematic distribution of the figures, colors and components of an image, twodimensional plan and creating a multi-dimensional space are the characteristics of the miniatures in Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp. This creates a kind of symbolized narrative as opposed to the descriptive narrative of miniaturesinAkbarnama.
Keyword(s): Miniature,Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp,Akbarnama,Semiotics,Safavid,Mongols of India
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