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Paper Information

Journal:   NEGAREH   winter 2018 , Volume 12 , Number 44 #f00630; Page(s) 21 To 39.
 
Paper: 

A Comparison ofCompositionsofTwo Scroll ThuluthInscriptions by Muhammad Reza EmamiIsfahani and Muhammad HossainShahidMashhadiin the Old Courtyard of the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (AS)

 
 
Author(s):  Danandeh Samira Sadat*
 
* Department of Urban and Graphic design, EqbalLahoori Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Old Courtyard is one of the oldest parts of the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS) in which various methods of decorations are used. An important group of these decorations are inscriptions which are installed on the porticos and their pillars. Thuluth scroll inscriptions have the most functions in this collection. Some of these inscriptions are written by artists such as Muhammad Reza EmamiIsfahani of the Safavid era and M. H. ShahidMashhadi of the Qajar era. In the inscriptions by these artists, special visual basics are used toconsolidate the composition of the inscriptions. In this article, it is attempted to ascertain the composition, influential factors on composition such as features of the letters, some of the visual qualities as well as baseline setting, and to identify the compositional difference between these two inscriptions. The research questions are: What are the visual aspects and factors affecting the composition of two scroll-thuluth Inscriptions by Muhammad Reza EmamiIsfahani and Muhammad HossainShahidMashhadi? Which features of the letters of Thuluth script are used in the composition of these two inscriptions? What are the visual similarities and differences in these two inscriptions? This research was conducted as a casedescriptive study; data and images were collected via library sources and interview as well asthe image archive of the Artistic Creations Institute of AstanQuds Razavi. The results show that in both inscriptions, main features of the Thuluthscript, such as verticals, horizontal and curved letters are used in creating important visual forms such as visual song, balance, contrast and proportion to makethe composition. Using recurrent yā , baseline setting, horizontal, vertical and diagonal moves exist in both inscriptions as well. In all these cases, some differences can be seen in the use of these qualities that eventually led to the creation of a peaceful atmosphere in the inscription by M. R. EmamiIsfahani, and a vibrant atmosphere in the inscription by Muhammad HussainShahidMashhadi.
 
Keyword(s): Old Courtyard,Scroll Inscription,Visual Qualities,Composition,Muhammad HussainShahidMashhadi,Muhammad Reza EmamiIsfahani
 
References: 
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