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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   May 2017 , Volume 5 , Number 5 (41); Page(s) 4985 To 4988.
 
Paper: 

Diffuse Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation in Children: Essential Value of Contrast Echocardiography in Diagnosis

 
 
Author(s):  Zahari Norazah*, Abd Rahman Amir Hamzah, Yubbu Putri
 
* Pediatric Cardiology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
 
Abstract: 
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are abnormal communications between pulmonary arteries and pulmonary veins, and most commonly congenital in nature. Although rare, it is an important consideration in cyanotic patients of unknown cause. We report 3 cases with diffuse PAVM in children with different clinical manifestations and initial diagnosis was made by transthoracic contrast echocardiogram. Transthoracic contrast echocardiography (TTCE) is valuable as initial diagnostic tools for diffuse PAVM. Pulmonary angiography should be reserved for therapeutic purposes for PAVM rather than diagnostic.
 
Keyword(s): Children,Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation,Transthoracic contrast echocardiography
 
References: 
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