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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF LAW AND POLITICS   winter 2018 , Volume 13 , Number 34 ; Page(s) 185 To 206.

An investigation of effective social, economic and Cultural Factors on Juvenile Delinquency A Case study of 13 to 19 year-old teenage boys in Azadshahr

Author(s):  Eskandari Charati Azar*
* Department of Social Sciences, Azadshahr Azad University, Iran
Juvenile delinquency with negative psychological, economic, cultural and social consequences is one of the most important social issues in Iran. Because of the demographic structure of Iran with a population of teenagers and young people. The purpose of this article is to investigate social, economic and cultural factors affecting the crime of juvenile adolescents aged 13-19 years old in the city of Azad-e-Shahr. To conduct such studies in other cities to comment on the Iranian society. This study was conducted with a descriptive-analytic survey approach with the help of F, t and multiple linear regression tests. Questionnaires were distributed among 398 adolescents in crude areas. After verifying the content validity and reliability of the questionnaires using Cronbach's alpha, which is 0. 886 for the first questionnaire and 0. 83 for the second questionnaire, eight of the tested tests it placed. Findings show that there is a significant relationship between social, economic and cultural variables with juvenile delinquency. Meanwhile, the variables of family economic poverty, learning the first delinquency and family disputes have a direct and significant relationship, and the variables of educational level, family monitoring and cultural space in the society have a negative and significant relationship with adolescents' offspring, as well as the variable number of family members with adolescent adolescents There is no relation. Also, the results of the study showed that the family differences with the coefficient of 306, the economic poverty index of the family with the coefficient of 271 and the learning variable of the first offense, with the coefficient of 266/0, the first to third, and the variable cultural community of the society The impact coefficient of 0. 097 has the least effect on the social, economic and cultural factors affecting juvenile delinquency.
Keyword(s): social problems,adolescents,delinquency,Azadshahr
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