Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE)   WINTER 2019 , Volume 10 , Number 4 #F00625; Page(s) 503 To 528.
 
Paper: 

AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF PUBLIC POLICY: NATURE, TRAITS, ENDING

 
 
Author(s):  SODAGAR HASHEM, AMIRI ALINAGHI*, Emami Seyedmojtaba
 
* Department of Public Administration, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Objective: Understanding the nature of "public policy" is not as straightforward as discerning its instances. The term "public policy" is utilized in an imprecise manner not only by public policy adopters but also by academic society. However, it is obvious that comprehending the essence of this concept is an inevitable prerequisite to various policy sciences, such as policy process, policy analysis, and policy evaluation. The present paper reports an analyticalinterpretive research that aims to recognize and explain the essence of "public policy". Methods: In this research, the most significant definitions of "public policy" in the literature were to be analyzed applying thematic analysis. Results: The conclusion puts those concepts existing in the definitions in the three branches: nature, traits, and ending of “ public policy” ; furthermore, based on this three-dimensional classification, two definitions of “ public policy” according two perspectives, “ policy audience” and “ policy analyst” , are proposed, being comprehensive in representing commons and in distinguishing fundamental differences of definitions. Conclusion: The public policy from the perspective of policy audience could be defined as: “ a relatively stable course of action that can be abstracted from a set of interrelated decisions, laws, positions, and actions of one or set of actors ascribing to administration, in dealing with a problem or a matter of concern” ; while public policy from the perspective of policy analyst could be defined as: “ a set of interrelated decisions, laws, positions, and actions adopted by a policy actor, in dealing with a problem or matter of concern to allocate values desirably in society” .
 
Keyword(s): POLICY,PUBLIC POLICY,PUBLIC POLICY’S NATURE,PUBLIC POLICY’S TRAITS,PUBLIC POLICY’S ENDING
 
References: 
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