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Paper Information

Journal:   CO - OPERATION AND AGRICULTURE (TAAVON)   winter 2019 , Volume 7 , Number 28 ; Page(s) 71 To 102.

Unwillingness of Wheat Farmers in Ilam Province to Join Agricultural Production Cooperatives by Using Q Methodology

Author(s):  ARAYESH M.B.*
* Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Ilam Azad University, Ilam, Iran
Today, the common belief is that farmers must be organized in a variety of local and regional groups to achieve food security and the development of local communities. But this requires changing the attitude of some farmers towards membership in cooperatives, creating and strengthening their motivation and satisfying some of their needs through agricultural cooperatives. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the Barriers to membership of wheat farmers of Ilam Province to join agricultural production cooperatives by investigating the Participants' Minds using Q Methodology. The philosophical framework of this research is a kind of interpretive – positivism paradigm. Participants of study included 12 distinguished farmers, specialist and experts with knowledge in agricultural production cooperative matters. The Concourse of study was compiled from two main sources of literature review and in-depth interviews. Forty-nine Phrases were selected as Q Phrase. The distribution analysis showed that six distinct mental patterns can be identified among the participants which explains (86. 08) percent of the total variance. The most explained variance was related to the first mental pattern with score (19. 73). Barriers of the willingness of wheat farmers to join agricultural production cooperatives were identified and prioritized according to six distinct mental patterns. Finally, the mental models were named and interpreted metaphorically and, respectively, with the titles believers in the absence of infrastructure-politics (19. 73), believers in economic-motivational challenges (18. 99), believers in the absence of educational-cultural structures (18. 44), believers in the lack of entrepreneurial spirit in agricultural cooperatives (10. 81), believers in the absence of management – supportive structures (9. 049) " and believers in individual parameters (personality) (9. 046).
Keyword(s): Unwilling Factors,Farmers Tendency,Membership,Q Method,Agricultural Production Cooperatives
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