Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   February 2017 , Volume 5 , Number 2 (38); Page(s) 4263 To 4274.
 
Paper: 

Cigarette Smoking Experience and its related Socio-demographic and Environmental Risk Factors in High School Boy Students, Shiraz-Iran

 
 
Author(s):  KARIMI MASOUD*, KAVEH MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN, MOROWATI SHARIFABAD MOHAMMAD ALI, Dehghani Ali, DASTJERDI GHASEM
 
* School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
 
Abstract: 
Background: Several environmental and psychosocial risk factors are known for adolescent smoking as the single cause of preventable diseases and premature death. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking, socio-demographic factors associated with cigarette smoking (age, education level, parents’ job, and family’ s socioeconomic statues), and the role of family and friends in cigarette smoking by high school students. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study which was conducted in Shiraz, Iran, 900 high school boy students (grades 9-11) were selected through multistage random cluster sampling. They responded a researcher designed anonymous questionnaire about smoking experiences of themselves-and their friends and family members. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney U test and Binary logistic regression analysis were used to analysis of the data, using the SPSS version 17. 0. Results: The mean age of the participants was 16. 11 (1. 16) years and 19. 7% of the students were ever smokers. Students’ higher educational grade (P=0. 001), fathers’ lower education level (P=0. 03), live with one parent or people other than parents (P=0. 024), father’ s, siblings’ , and friends’ smoking, and family members’ cigarette smoking at home (P<0. 001), were significantly related to the students’ smoking experience. Indeed, having smoker siblings was the strongest predictor of smoking among the students. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking is a public health concern in all families from different socio-economic status. Special attention to orphans and children of divorce, setting rules about cigarette smoking in families, monitoring and being aware of offspring’ s and their friends’ behavior can be recommended.
 
Keyword(s): Adolescent,Environmental,Smoking,Socioeconomic,Student Risk Factor
 
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