Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   November 2016 , Volume 4 , Number 11 (35); Page(s) 3847 To 3857.
 
Paper: 

A Nutrition Education Intervention Trial for Adolescent Girls in Isfahan: Study Design and Protocol

 
 
Author(s):  GHASAB SHIRAZI MORVARID, KAZEMI ASHRAF*, MOSTAFAVI FIROOZEH, KELISHADI ROYA
 
* Reproductive Health Department, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, Postal code: 8174673465
 
Abstract: 
Background Nutrition behaviors of adolescent girls is of serious health concerns. Although nutrition education interventions in Iran have met with some success, most of them could not promote nutrition behavioral changes. The aim of our study is to determine a school-based nutrition education intervention to improve adolescents’ nutrition behaviors and behavioral mediators based on the social cognitive theory (SCT). Materials and Methods This study is a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Eligible participants will be all student girls in grade 6 and 7, their parents and teachers in Isfahan governmental schools. This multi component school-based intervention include adolescents’ nutrition education package, parents’ nutrition massages, participatory homework, parents and teachers nutrition education package, supportive group, and collaboration with decision makers. Changing in nutrition behaviors including breakfast, fruit and vegetable, snack and fast food consumption will be examined, as primary outcome. Secondary outcome will be behavioral mediators such as knowledge, self-efficacy, intention, situation, self-regulation, social support, outcome expectations and expectancies, in adolescent girls. The outcomes will be assessed at baseline, and after 3 and 6-month follow-up. Discussion This study evaluates a school-based, guided SCT intervention, designed to improve healthy dietary behaviors, nutrition knowledge of adolescent girls. Few behavioral interventions have targeted this high-risk population in Iran. The intervention seems to be promising and has the potential to bridge the gap of the limited program outcomes of nutrition education in Iranian adolescents.
 
Keyword(s): Adolescent,Dietary habits,Education,Iran,Research design,Students
 
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