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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGING PSYCHOLOGY   2017 , Volume 2 , Number 4 ; Page(s) 293 To 303.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MUSIC THERAPY AND RELAXATION ON BLOOD PRESSURE AND PULSE IN THE ELDERLY WITH HYPERTENSION

 
 
Author(s):  MEHRABIZADEH HONARMAND MAHNAZ, SALEHI MOHAMMADNABI, KAZEMI NESA
 
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Abstract: 

When an individual's stress and anxiety exceeds the normal level, the individual loses his or her adaptive power and this causes problems. Non-pharmacological methods such as relaxation and music therapy can be effective in reducing anxiety in patients. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of relaxation and music therapy on the control of blood pressure and pulse in elderly people with hypertension, in the city of Sanandaj. The research method is semi-experimental with Pretest-Posttest Design with control group. Using a multistage cluster sampling method, 30 elderly people suffering from hypertension referred to hospitals in Sanandaj city in 2016 were selected and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The tools used in this study are blood pressure control device, pulse measurement from the wrist, a music therapy training package, and 10 relaxation methods. The results of covariance analysis showed a significant statistical difference between the posttest of the two groups in the level of blood pressure (p<0.003) and pulse (p<0.001). As the results show, relaxation and music therapy are effective in reducing the blood pressure and pulse in the elderly. Relaxation and music therapy can reduce blood pressure and pulse in the elderly with hypertension, by inducing muscle relaxation, reducing vascular resistance, reducing sympathetic activity, and managing respiration in patients.

 
Keyword(s): MUSIC THERAPY, RELAXATION, HYPERTENSION, PULSE
 
References: 
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