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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF AGING PSYCHOLOGY   2016 , Volume 2 , Number 3 ; Page(s) 187 To 194.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTIVENESS OF REALITY THERAPY ON EMOTIONAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING OF ELDERLY MEN RESIDING IN NURSING HOMES

 
 
Author(s):  SADRI DEMIRCHI ESMAEIL, KHAZAN KAZEM, DARGAHI SHAHRIAR
 
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Abstract: 

One of important areas of elderly people’s health is its psychological dimension that needs a certain attention especially preventing some disorders such as depression, anxiety and feeling frustration and disappointment in them and necessity of paying attention to their well-being. Therefore, this research was carried out to evaluate effectiveness of reality therapy in well-being of elderly people. The research was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design with control group. The statistical population of the research included all male elderly people residing in Mandegaran Center in Ardabil. First, Keys and Maghremo's emotional, psychological and social well-being questionnaire (2003) was completed by all elderly people and among those who had obtained a score equal to or higher than cut-off point in the questionnaire, 30 people were randomly selected and replaced in two experiment (15 people) and control (15 people) groups. Then, reality therapy program was implemented during eight 90-minute sessions for the experiment group and the control group received no intermediation during the time. After ending the intermediation program, the questionnaire was re-implemented for the both groups as post-test. Data was analyzed and evaluated through covariance statistical test. Results showed that reality therapy has led to increase in emotional, psychological and social well-being of elderly people. As a result, necessity of using focused therapies on temperamental and emotional problems especially increase in their well-beinf.

 
Keyword(s): REALITY THERAPY, EMOTIONAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING, ELDERLY PEOPLE
 
References: 
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