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Paper Information

Journal:   PARS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (JAHROM MEDICAL JOURNAL)   SPRING 2017 , Volume 15 , Number 1 ; Page(s) 57 To 66.
 
Paper: 

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS ADMITTED TO HOSPITALS IN JAHROM -2016

 
 
Author(s):  RAHMANIAN VAHID, SHAKERI HESHMATOLLAH*, SHAKERI MASIHOLLAH, RAHMANIAN KARAMATOLLAH, RAHIMI MASOUMEH
 
* RESEARCH CENTER FOR SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH, JAHROM UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, JAHROM, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Establishment of new hospitals, incidence of emerging and re-emerging diseases, increasing microbial resistance and the need for diversified medical services have increased the incidence of nosocomial infections.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, we studied the records of patients admitted to Jahrom hospitals in 2016 and diagnosed with nosocomial infections. An objective-based checklist was designed. Data were analyzed in SPSS 16 using descriptive statistics and chi-square test at significance level of 0.05.
Results: The prevalence of nosocomial infections was 32 per 10, 000 patients. The highest incidence of nosocomial infections was observed in NICU (342.1 per 10, 000), pediatrics (92.3 per 10, 000) and internal ward (68.14 per 10, 000), respectively. The most prevalent nosocomial infections in Jahrom hospitals included urinary tract infections (54.2%), surgical site infections (29.9%), pneumonia (11.9%) and gastrointestinal tract infections (4%).
Conclusion: The incidence of nosocomial infections in Jahrom hospitals was 0.32%. Comparison of available information with the results shows that the incidence of nosocomial infections in Jahrom hospitals was lower than the expected national level in hospitals and medical centers. This could be a sign of a serious weakness in surveillance of nosocomial infections for identifying, detecting and reporting them in Jahrom hospitals.

 
Keyword(s): EPIDEMIOLOGY, NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS, HOSPITAL, ADMISSION
 
References: 
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