Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING   WINTER 2018 , Volume 4 , Number 4 (14) #S0027; Page(s) 29 To 41.
 
Paper:  STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOUR OF CONCRETE POLES USED IN ELECTRIC'S POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
 
Author(s):  ZEYNALIAN M.*, ZAMANI M.
 
* CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, UNIVERSITY OF ISFAHAN, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Based on a preliminary study on regional electric companies, it is shown that there is no precise structural design on the concrete poles. This leads to uneconomical andoverestimated networks’ components. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the lateral performance of the concrete poles which are employed in electric’s power distribution network. This paper presents a numerical study on structural performance of 12 m concrete poles used in electric’s power distribution network using Abaqus software. A sensitivity study for mesh size is carried out and concrete damaged plasticity has been employed. The results show that relatively coarse mesh (average) in damaged concrete method gives more reliable result. Some experimental tests based on the Iranian standards were performed in order to make a bench mark for numerical output. Comparison between numerical and experimental results indicates a good agreement between the results. The outcomes also suggest that while the applied lateral load is less than around 400 kg which is assumed as the nominal resistance of the pole, no transverse crack occurs. Based on both experimental and numerical results, one or two transverse cracks are reported when the applied force reaches up to 600 kg. The rate of cracks is amplified by increasing the applied force; and finally, the pole would lose its capacity when the load rises much more than 1200 kg. The study also shows that the poles are very weak when the load direction changes. Also, it can be concluded that the final strength of the pole is higher than what the standards recommend. Finally, seismic behavior factor of the poles around both main axes are evaluated. The estimated seismic resistance factor for the concrete poles indicates that the prescribed R factor for such structure is relatively low; and can be improved at least 20%.

 
Keyword(s): POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK, CONCRETE POLES, FINITE ELEMENT, STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE, R FACTOR
 
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