Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   MAY 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 5 (53); Page(s) 7615 To 7621.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE AND PATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CRYPTORCHIDISM AMONG IRANIAN CHILDREN IN YAZD PROVINCE, CENTRAL IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  AMOOEI ABDOLHAMID, KARGAR SAEID*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY, SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, YAZD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background Cryptorchidism is defined the failure of one testis or both testes to permanently descend. It is considered as the most common congenital abnormalities. The risk of testicular cancer in men with a history of cryptorchidism increased from three fold to four fold, compared to those without history of cryptorchidism. We aimed to investigate prevalence and pathological features of cryptorchidism among Iranian Children in Central Iran.
Materials and Methods In this analytical descriptive study, 61 boys with a diagnosis of cryptorchidism who referred to training hospitals of Yazd city, Yazd province (Central Iran) from January 2016 to January 2017, were enrolled. Information including demographic data was extracted from medical records. Data includingtesticular properties and localization of undescended testes were evaluated by surgeon. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 19.0.
Results Prevalence of disease in full term infants and premature were 3.27% and 29.5%, respectively. The most number of boys with cryptorchidism (22 cases) refereed to hospitals were in range of 12-24 months; 17 patients (27.86%) had history of family, andpalpable testicles and non-palpable testicles were observed in 53 patients (84.1%), and 10 (15.87%), respectively (P<0.05). Furthermore, 30, 21 and 10 cases had right testicle, left and bilateral testicle, respectively.
Conclusion The prevalence of cryptorchidism was relatively high in our province. It seems that geographical, environmental, and genetic variations play a main role in the birth prevalence of these anomalies. In addition, the epididymal anomalies were observed in less than half of patients.

 
Keyword(s): INFANTS, CRYPTORCHIDISM, IRAN, PREMATURE, PREVALENCE, TESTIS
 
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