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Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION   SUMMER 2017 , Volume 14 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 375 To 397.
 
Paper: 

THE PROBLEM OF DEFINING RELIGION AND THE MEANING OF AQALLI (MINIMAL) AND AKSARI (MAXIMAL) IN RELIGION

 
 
Author(s):  SOLEIMANI ABDORRAHIM*
 
* MOFID UNIVERSITY OF QOM
 
Abstract: 

What is religion? This question can be answered by taking two different approaches: the intra-religious approach and the extra-religious approach. The first view defines a true religion based on an intra-religious criterion; such a definition does not include everyone. However, based on the second approach, the definition of religion should be universal and all-inclusive. Since it is difficult to find something common to all religions, some have benefited from the family resemblance to define religion; such a definition is, however, not an all-inclusive definition. The aim of this article is to prove that only a conceptual definition of religion is possible, and not an essentialist one. Since religion is in contrast to atheism, so with an intra-religious definition, religion can be defined as "belief in a better world" or according to the Qur'an as "belief in the world of Unseen ". Since the existing religions are unique and confined to their own kinds; Islam, then, can be defined according to the theological definition as "God's plan for man's salvation." The relationship between these two definitions is such as the relationship between the minimal and maximal or the relationship between imperfect right and perfect right.

 
Keyword(s): RELIGION, DEFINITION OF RELIGION, EXTRA-RELIGIOUS DEFINITION, INTRA-RELIGIOUS DEFINITION
 
References: 
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