Paper Information

Journal:   PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION   SUMMER 2017 , Volume 14 , Number 2 #G0087; Page(s) 287 To 309.
 
Paper: 

THE STUDY OF HEGEL'S CRITIQUES OF SCHLEIERMACHER’S RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE

 
 
Author(s):  SAMIMI NADER*, GANDOMI REZA
 
* UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN
 
Abstract: 

Being a frequently discussed topic through recent centuries, religious experience is one of the special subjects that include a wide variety of definitions in the theories of those who believe in it. However, intuitive nature of religious experience is the same element in all these definitions. As a fairly coherent theory, religious experience was first propounded by Schleiermacher. Schleiermacher defines religious experience as “the feeling of absolute dependence”. On the contrary to the rational and moral approaches to religion, Schleiermacher establishes a new trend whose foundation is feelings and emotions. This approach seeks a new condition and brings forth new results that deeply influence the comprehension of religion and God. As a case in this point, the negative approach to the comprehension of the essence and features of God can be mentioned as the consequence of religious experience of Schleiermacher. In Hegel's opinion religion and philosophy share the same content and both of them are phases of soul's consciousness. In his opinion, God's existence and divine essence can be understood only through thinking. Grounded on his own idea about the impossibility of immediate recognition, Hegel criticizes Schleiermacher’s intuition idea and believes that atheology that is based on feelings is unable of offering a comprehensive description of God and religion. These critiques are based on Hegel's definition of religion and his description of the way of gaining awareness. Central to Hegel's criticism of Schleiermacher's religious experience is the impossibility of gaining immediate knowledge and personal understanding of the religious element in religious experience.

 
Keyword(s): RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE, THEOLOGY, HEGEL, SCHLEIERMACHER, RATIONALISM
 
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