Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCED JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE   2017 , Volume 1 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

TWO DIFFERENT ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE SECURING TECHNIQUES: FIXING BANDAGE VS. ADHESIVE TAPE

 
 
Author(s):  SEYEDHOSSEINI JAVAD, AHMADI MOJTABA, NEJATI AMIR, ARDALAN ALI, GHAFARI MOHAMMADHOSSEIN, VAHIDI ELNAZ*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, SHARIATI HOSPITAL, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Emergency physicians should secure Endotracheal tubes (ETT) properly in order to prevent unplanned extubation (UE) and its complications. Despite various available endotracheal tube holders, using bandages or tape are still the most common methods used in this regards.
Objective: This study aimed to compare adhesive tape (AT) versus fixing bandage (FB) method in terms of properly securing ETT.
Methods: This was an observational longitudinal trial. All patients older than 15-years-old admitted to the ED who had indication for ETT insertion were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the two groups in which AT or FB was applied. All patients were observed thoroughly in the first 24 hours after intubation. Using a pre-prepared checklist, encountered UE rate and other data were recorded.
Results: Seventy-two patients with the mean age of 55.98 ± 18.39 years were finally evaluated of which 38 cases (52.8%) were male. In total, 12% of patients in our study experienced unplanned extubation. Less than 12% of the patients experienced complete UE, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (p=0.24). Comparison of UE with age showed no significant difference (p=0.89). Male patients experienced more UE, but this was not statistically significant (p=0.44).
Conclusion: It is likely that whether the AT method or FB was applied for securing the ETT in emergency departments, there was no significant difference in rates of unplanned extubation.

 
Keyword(s): AIRWAY EXTUBATION, BANDAGES, INTUBATION, INTRATRACHEAL, PATIENT SAFETY, SURGICAL TAPE
 
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