Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR AND THORACIC RESEARCH   2018 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 14 To 19.
 
Paper: 

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF IRANIAN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS REGARDING HYPERTENSION

 
 
Author(s):  RASHIDI YASEEN, MANAFLOUYAN HESAM, POURNAGHI AZAR FATEMEH, NIKNIAZ ZEINAB, NIKNIAZ LEILA, GHAFFARI SAMAD*
 
* CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH CENTER, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: This study aimed at evaluating knowledge and awareness of hypertension and the risk factors for hypertension among hypertensive patients.
Methods: In this study, 110 hypertensive patients were enrolled and filled out two self-administered questionnaires. The first questionnaire was about the demographic characteristics and the second one was about the knowledge (n=10), attitude (n=9) and practice (n=8). The internal consistency and the stability of the questionnaires were approved. The Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Seventy-three percent of participants know the normal range of hypertension. Most of the participants truly knew that stress (87.3%), obesity (70.9%) and aging (48.2%) are risk factors for hypertension. About 60% of participants knew the complications of uncontrolled hypertension. About 82.7% of participants believed that after adaptation of body to hypertension, there is no need to use antihypertensive drug. About 13.6% of participants measured their blood pressure daily and 11.8% of them measured it once a month. The educational level of participants was significantly associated with knowledge score (P=0.01). There was a significant correlation between knowledge (P<0.001) and attitude and also attitude and practice (P<0.001) scores.
Conclusion: These findings have important implications for developing proper and continuous self-management hypertension education programs in Iran which should mostly emphasize on the practical information about control and prevention programs.

 
Keyword(s): HYPERTENSION, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, PRACTICE, IRAN
 
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