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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   APRIL 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 4 (52); Page(s) 2501 To 2510.
 
Paper: 

A HOSPITAL BASED BIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG THE CHILDREN AGED 2 TO 12 YEARS IN AN INDIAN ISLAND

 
 
Author(s):  RITU SINGH, SHIVANI RAO, PANDURANG THATKAR VITHAL, RAJARAM NARAYANAN*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, ANDAMAN NICOBAR ISLANDS INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, PORT BLAIR, ANDAMANS, INDIA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Malnutrition in children is a major public health problem in developing countries and is one of the common causes of mortality and morbidity in children. We aimed to determine the nutritional status of children aged 2-12 years of age using World Health Organisation (WHO) Z score for Weight for age (WFA) /Body Mass Index (BMI) for age (for children above 108 months), and to evaluate association between underweight and various socio-demographic factors.
Materials and Methods: A total of 444 children aged 2-12 years (24-144 months) were enrolled in the study. The children’s anthropometric measurements were taken using the standard operating procedures; the socio-demographic particulars were obtained using a pretested validated questionnaire, after obtaining written consent from their parents. The anthropometric data was analyzed using WHO Anthro and Anthro plus Softwares. Underweight and severe underweight was diagnosed if WFA Z score<=-2 standard deviation [SD] and<-3 SD (for children from 108 months to 144 months, thinness and severe thinness if BMI for age Z score<=-2 SD and<-3 SD).
Results: Overall prevalence of under nutrition among the children 24-144 months of age was 30.8%. Among children in the age groups of 24-59 months, 60-119 months and 120-144 months, the prevalence of underweight/thinness was 27.9%, 31.3% and 26.4%, respectively. Severe underweight/thinness in the same age groups was 7.1%, 10.7%, and 11.3%, respectively. The socio- demographic factors significantly associated with underweight were education status of mother, occupation of father, number of siblings, type of family and religion (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Mild to moderate under nutrition was common among the children of the island and affects boys slightly more than girls, however, severe underweight is more prevalent in girls.

 
Keyword(s): CHILDREN, INDIA, NUTRITIONAL STATUS, UNDERWEIGHT
 
 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

RITU, S., & SHIVANI, R., & PANDURANG, T., & RAJARAM, N. (2018). A HOSPITAL BASED BIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG THE CHILDREN AGED 2 TO 12 YEARS IN AN INDIAN ISLAND. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 6(4 (52)), 2501-2510. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572325



Vancouver: Copy

RITU SINGH, SHIVANI RAO, PANDURANG THATKAR VITHAL, RAJARAM NARAYANAN. A HOSPITAL BASED BIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG THE CHILDREN AGED 2 TO 12 YEARS IN AN INDIAN ISLAND. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 2018 [cited 2021August02];6(4 (52)):2501-2510. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572325



IEEE: Copy

RITU, S., SHIVANI, R., PANDURANG, T., RAJARAM, N., 2018. A HOSPITAL BASED BIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND ITS DETERMINANTS AMONG THE CHILDREN AGED 2 TO 12 YEARS IN AN INDIAN ISLAND. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, [online] 6(4 (52)), pp.2501-2510. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572325.



 
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