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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR)   MARCH-APRIL 2018 , Volume 23 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 105 To 110.
 
Paper: 

HARDINESS AND OPTIMISM IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER

 
 
Author(s):  BAHRAMI MASOUD, MOHAMADIRIZI SOHEILA*, MOHAMADIRIZI SHAHLA
 
* NURSING AND MIDWIFERY CARE RESEARCH CENTER, FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Hardiness and optimism are two general health promoting factors, which enable the individuals to remain both psychologically and physically healthy despite encountering negative life events. But there is lack of knowledge about the current state of these constructs and their relationship in breast cancer patients in an Iranian context.
Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study which was completed in Sayyed?AL?Shohda Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2015. Two hundred and ten women with breast cancer were conveniently selected to complete the personal/demographic/illness questionnaire, Hardiness Scale, and Life Orientation Test. Data were analyzed byt ?test, analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation with a significance level ofp<0.05.
Results: The mean (SD) age and duration of illness were 46.73 (10.12) years and 29.48 (19.70) months, respectively. Most patients were married (86.23%), without university education (92.61%) and unemployed (85.69%). Most patients received chemotherapy as their main treatment (39.43%). Also, 61.42 and 58.10% of patients had high hardiness and optimism, respectively.
There was a significant positive correlation between the score of hardiness and optimism (r=0.22, p
£0.01). Conclusions: The results showed that most of the breast cancer patients had moderate to high hardiness and optimism, so healthcare providers can use these personality properties in their care planning to improve coping strategies. Also, the findings of this study can assist healthcare team in order to pay more attention to coping strategies in cancer patients during their treatment and also considering the relationship of these issues in their evaluations.

 
Keyword(s): BREAST CANCER, HARDINESS, NURSING, OPTIMISM
 
 
References: 
 
Citations: 
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APA: Copy

BAHRAMI, M., & MOHAMADIRIZI, S., & MOHAMADIRIZI, S. (2018). HARDINESS AND OPTIMISM IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR), 23(2 ), 105-110. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572252



Vancouver: Copy

BAHRAMI MASOUD, MOHAMADIRIZI SOHEILA, MOHAMADIRIZI SHAHLA. HARDINESS AND OPTIMISM IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR). 2018 [cited 2021August02];23(2 ):105-110. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572252



IEEE: Copy

BAHRAMI, M., MOHAMADIRIZI, S., MOHAMADIRIZI, S., 2018. HARDINESS AND OPTIMISM IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER. IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR), [online] 23(2 ), pp.105-110. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572252.



 
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