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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF WATER AND SOIL (AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY)   JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2017 , Volume 30 , Number 6 ; Page(s) 1941 To 1953.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF CARBOXIN-THIRAM ON ASSOCIATIVE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN AZOSPIRILLUM SPECIES AND WHEAT (CHAMRAN CULTIVAR)

 
 
Author(s):  REJALI F.*, ESMAELZAD A., SAGHAFI K., HEMATI V.
 
* SOIL AND WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, AGRICULTURE RESEARCH, EDUCATION AND EXTENSION ORGANIZATION (AREEO), TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Biofertilizers have been identified as alternative to chemical fertilizers to increase soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming systems. One of the most useful kind of biofertilizers include plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). Azospirillum is an associative rhizobacteria which can be very useful for plants such as wheat. It can help plant by fixing nitrogen through biological way, causing root development, plant strength improvement in primary phases, causing germination percent increment, improving plant tolerance in stress situations (drought, salinity, soil compaction and pathogens), secreting plant promoting hormones like cytokinin, Oxin and finally yield increment will be observable. Modern agriculture largely relies on the extensive application of agrochemicals, including inorganic fertilizers and pesticides. Although pesticides are important, their effects on nontarget organisms are of great concern because this poses a risk to the entire ecological system. The fungicides may also adversely affect the soil microflora, especially the types of microorganisms that can applied to seeds as bacterial inoculants. Considering useful effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria especially Azospirillum on Wheat, this study was done in order to survey interaction effects between fungicide and available biofertilizers in Iran market.

 
Keyword(s): AZOSPIRILLUM, CARBOXIN-THIRAM, INOCULANT FORMULATION, WHEAT
 
References: 
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