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Paper Information

Journal:   TOLOO-E-BEHDASHT   JUNE-JULY 2016 , Volume 15 , Number 2 (56) ; Page(s) 159 To 174.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING SELF-ENCAURAGEMENT ON THE RESILIENCY AND OPTIMISM THE MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION

 
 
Author(s):  AFKHAMIAQDA A.*, RAHMATI A., FAZILAT POUR M.
 
* PSYCHOLOGY DEPARTMENT, FACULTY OF HUMAN SCIENCES, SHAHID BAHONAR UNIVERSITY OF KERMAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: a retarded child is considered as a perishing pressure on the parents, hence, teaching these mothers is very important. One of the useful tasks to do for this, is teaching self encouragement. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of self encouragement on resilience and optimism of mothers with mental retardation.
Methods: The method was semi-experimental, pretest-posttest with a control group. The sample group included 24 mothers from Yazd city in 1393-94 with mentally retarded children volunteering (non-randomly) for the study and finally divided into control and experimental groups (fifteen people each). The resilience and optimism of the participants were assessed using CD-RISK Connor-Davidson’s resilience questionnaire and life orientation test LOT, respectively LOT and the experiment group was instructed the self-encouragement program for 1 sessions.
Results: Covariance analysis MANCOVA, ANCOVA in SPSS (ver.22) of the data showed that the educational sessions had significant effect on resilience and optimism of the experimental group (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Accordingly, it can be concluded that teaching self-encouragement can lead to more resilience and optimism.

 
Keyword(s): SELF-ENCOURAGEMENT SHVANKR, RESILIENCE, OPTIMISM, MOTHERS MENTAL RETARDATION
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

AFKHAMIAQDA, A., & RAHMATI, A., & FAZILAT POUR, M. (2016). EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING SELF-ENCAURAGEMENT ON THE RESILIENCY AND OPTIMISM THE MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION. TOLOO-E-BEHDASHT, 15(2 (56) ), 159-174. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572176



Vancouver: Copy

AFKHAMIAQDA A., RAHMATI A., FAZILAT POUR M.. EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING SELF-ENCAURAGEMENT ON THE RESILIENCY AND OPTIMISM THE MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION. TOLOO-E-BEHDASHT. 2016 [cited 2021August01];15(2 (56) ):159-174. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572176



IEEE: Copy

AFKHAMIAQDA, A., RAHMATI, A., FAZILAT POUR, M., 2016. EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING SELF-ENCAURAGEMENT ON THE RESILIENCY AND OPTIMISM THE MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH MENTAL RETARDATION. TOLOO-E-BEHDASHT, [online] 15(2 (56) ), pp.159-174. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572176.



 
 
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