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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   MARCH 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 3 (51); Page(s) 7285 To 7296.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ABOUT HIV/AIDS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

 
 
Author(s):  KHANI JEIHOONI ALI, ARAMESHFARD SHIDEH, HATAMI MAHMOUD, MANSOURIAN MORTEZA, KASHFI SEYYED HANNAN, RASTEGARI MEHR BABAK, SAFARI OMID, AMIRKHANI MEHDI*
 
* DEPARTEMENT OF NURSING, SCHOOL OF NURSING, FASA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, FASA, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Considering the importance of learning health knowledge and the need to promote appropriate health attitudes, beliefs and behaviors regarding Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) among school-age people, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an educational program based on Health Belief Model (HBM) about HIV/AIDS.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed on 100 male high school students in Fasa, Iran. A sample size of 100 was determined based on the examination of similar literature with 95% confidence interval and 80% test capability. The subjects were divided into two groups of 50 subjects. After administering a pre-test to both groups, only the experimental group was trained based on the HBM constructs on the HIV/AIDS preventive behaviors. Then intervention was followed by group discussion (10-person groups) in 8 sessions each 55-60 minutes. In order to collect information based on Health Belief Model, a questionnaire consisting of 41 questions in three sections was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 software.
Results: Educational intervention based on Health Belief Model resulted in meaningful enhancement of the subjects’ knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived self-efficacy (P<0.05). Furthermore, the students’ perceived barriers about beliefs related to HIV/AIDS preventive behaviors decreased significantly (P<0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results, educational intervention has increased the HIV/AIDS prevention behavior based on Health Belief Model. Therefore, the results of this study can be used in the theory-based intervention strategies to create and modify health behaviors.

 
Keyword(s): EDUCATION, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, HIV/AIDS, IRAN, STUDENTS
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
 
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APA: Copy

KHANI JEIHOONI, A., & ARAMESHFARD, S., & HATAMI, M., & MANSOURIAN, M., & KASHFI, S., & RASTEGARI MEHR, B., & SAFARI, O., & AMIRKHANI, M. (2018). THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ABOUT HIV/AIDS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 6(3 (51)), 7285-7296. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572121



Vancouver: Copy

KHANI JEIHOONI ALI, ARAMESHFARD SHIDEH, HATAMI MAHMOUD, MANSOURIAN MORTEZA, KASHFI SEYYED HANNAN, RASTEGARI MEHR BABAK, SAFARI OMID, AMIRKHANI MEHDI. THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ABOUT HIV/AIDS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 2018 [cited 2021July26];6(3 (51)):7285-7296. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572121



IEEE: Copy

KHANI JEIHOONI, A., ARAMESHFARD, S., HATAMI, M., MANSOURIAN, M., KASHFI, S., RASTEGARI MEHR, B., SAFARI, O., AMIRKHANI, M., 2018. THE EFFECT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ABOUT HIV/AIDS AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, [online] 6(3 (51)), pp.7285-7296. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=572121.



 
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