Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   MARCH 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 3 (51); Page(s) 7277 To 7284.
 
Paper: 

IDENTIFICATION OF DERMATOGLYPHIC PATTERNS IN PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH CYSTIC FIBROSIS

 
 
Author(s):  KIANIFAR HAMID REZA, EZZATI ATEFEH, JAFARI SEYYED ALI, KIANI MOHAMMAD ALI, AHANCHIAN HAMID, KARAMI HASSAN, KHODASHENAS EZZAT*, JAHANBIN AREZOO
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Dermatoglyphics could assist in the diagnosis of congenital abnormalities. The aim of this study was to identify the dermatoglyphic patterns (finger print pattern type, total ridge count of each finger, a-b ridge count, and articulotrochanteric distance [ATD angles]) in the parents of cystic fibrosis children.
Materials and Methods: We recruited 75 parents of children with cystic fibrosis for the study group and 341 parents for the control group. We recorded finger print pattern type, total ridge count (TRC), a-b ridge count, and ATD angles of all participants. Then we identified any asymmetry between the right and left hands of each person and characteristics of parents in two genders. Chi-square analysis, Mann-Whitney U test, and Fisher's exact test were used for data analysis.
Results: We observed significant differences in a-b ridge count on the right hand (P=0.02), and mean total ridge count on the right digit I (P=0.05), right digit IV (P=0.03), and right digit V in the fathers of children with cystic fibrosis compared to the control group (P=0.02).
Conclusion: According to the results, we suggest that the dermatoglyphic traits of parents could be used as a simple, appropriate, and supplementary screening method in the diagnosis of children with CF. Nevertheless, we need lager studies to precisely confirm that dermatoglyphics is a reliable method in the diagnosis of CF.

 
Keyword(s): DERMATGLYPHICS, CYSTIC FIBROSIS, PALM PATTERNS, ASYMMETRY A-B RIDGE COUNT, ATD ANGEL
 
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