Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH   WINTER 2017 , Volume 13 , Number 4 (49) #P0097; Page(s) 125 To 145.
 
Paper: 

THE IMPACT OF ROAD QUALITY ON NUMBER OF DEATH IN ACCIDENTS USING CELLULAR AUTOMATA

 
 
Author(s):  KASHANI M., SAMI A.
 
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Abstract: 

The growing trend of accidents on roads and casualties and damage caused by such incidents result in loss and disinvestment of countries. So right investment and recognizing each of the three accidents (road, driver and vehicle), the principles expressed problems this causes and practical solutions can greatly reduce the occurrence of such incidents. One of the main problems of the country's road network of quality roads and thus increase the number of traffic accidents leading to death. In this article, we' re going to use cellular automata algorithms, to investigate the role of industry involved in road accidents decrement. Cellular automata algorithms can be very simple and understandable to the reader to form complex equations express. This collection includes: (supervision, materials, climate, road design, funding); Set the desired cellular automata (automata Road) at any time can have multiple states. In addition to the current state of each cell in cellular automata of road and neighbors can also be an effective influence of external factors which can be political pressure. One indicator of the number of accidents, the accident rate kilometers. The results in this paper suggest that there is an inverse relationship between automata road accident rates. Increasing of the efficiency of the factors involved in road building, reducing accidents leading to death. The impact of each factor on the amount of damage is variable. Using a simple study, we can achieve to this result that more spending for improving the roads can reduce the economic detriment of accidents and sometimes it costs less than the cost spent on compensation for losses caused to the families of death or injury crash. This article aims to strengthen the relevant institutions and effective partnerships is to improve the traffic system so that safer and more secure road system for pedestrians. Such partnerships should be as long as a cross between various government departments and between different levels of government, as well as between governmental and nongovernmental organizations are to be established. The results showed that by changing the approach to increase the monitoring of road building, there is the possibility of reducing losses due to accidents.

 
Keyword(s): CELLULAT AUTOMATA, ROAD ACCIDENTS, ROAD FACTOR
 
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