Paper Information

Journal:   THEATER   FALL 2016 , Volume - , Number 66 #L0072; Page(s) 88 To 106.
 
Paper: 

THE DISCOURSE OF VIOLENCE IN PLAYS OF JEAN-PAUL SARTRE WITH EMPHASIS ON THE VICTORS AND THE CONDEMNED OF ALTONA

 
 
Author(s):  ABOUZARJOMHORI MINOO, NASERBAKHT MOHAMMAD HOSEIN
 
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Abstract: 

Violence is a phenomenon that is effective in the development of one's personality and at the other hand, by creating suffering caused to greater awareness toward the community. Violence could have several meanings, from the conflict between the two men to war and genocide and since the tolerance of violence death is in human nature, so the natural tendency exists in him/her to escape of pain and suffering as well. During different periods, one is never sure to be rid of all kinds of violence and terror, because according to many scholars, not only violence is the product of social conditions but also inherent in human nature as well. But the group of thinkers who see violence as the only product of social life, so far various ways and strategies have been proposed for the prevention and eradication; of course today the situation of societies shows that at least until now have been impossible to achieve such demands. The violence in plays of Jean-Paul Sartre has a special place. Sartre wants to tell all the chaotic people after post-World War that they have responsibility to gain their lost freedom again with the help of awareness and choice, even if it is forced to commit violence to reach this goal and committed acts that are contrary to existing morality and rules. Sartre believed that the art of drama has a direct impact on the audience, so he through his plays puts the audience in the position that forced him/ her to choose despite the gaze of other and apprehension. This article first discusses violence from the perspective of Western theorists and Sartre deals, then, using the descriptive analytical methods discusses the discourse of violence in the work of Sartre on the ideas of existentialist and with emphasis on The Victors and The Condemned of Altona.

 
Keyword(s): VIOLENCE, JEAN-PAUL SARTRE, THE OTHER, FREEDOM, RESPONSIBILITY
 
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