Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF INJURY & VIOLENCE RESEARCH   JANUARY 2018 , Volume 10 , Number 1; Page(s) 35 To 44.
 
Paper: 

THE COMPARISON OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT AND MENTAL STATUS IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE EXPERIENCING AND NOT EXPERIENCING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN IRAN

 
Author(s):  VAMEGHI ROSHANAK, AMIRALI AKBARI SEDIGHEH*, ALAVI MAJD HAMID, SAJEDI FIROOZEH, SAJJADI HOMEIRA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY, SCHOOL OF NURSING & MIDWIFERY, VALIASR ST, NIAYESH HIGHWAY, NEXT TO HEART HOSPITAL. TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Given the significant health effects of domestic violence against women, the present study was conducted in 2016, in Tehran, Iran in order to compare the socioeconomic status, perceived social support and mental status in women of reproductive age experiencing and not experiencing domestic violence.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 women. The data collection tools used included questionnaires: demographic information, Socioeconomic, Beck’s Depression, Spielberger’s Anxiety, Cohen’s Perceived Stress, Sarason’s Perceived Social Support and WHO’s Domestic Violence Inventory.
Results: The results showed that 43.2% of women said they had experienced at least one case of domestic violence, among which 16.4%, 15% and 36.6% of women had experienced physical, sexual and emotional-verbal types of violence, respectively. The mean age (p less than 0.001) and educational level (p=0.018) of violated women and their spouses (p less than 0.001) were lower than those of non-violated women. Furthermore, violated women experienced lower socioeconomic status (p less than 0.05), higher perceived stress (p less than 0.008), higher depression (p less than 0.001), and higher overt anxiety (0.002. They also perceived lower levels of social support (p less than 0.001).
Conclusions: The issue of domestic violence was rather prevalent in the participants of the present study, particularly the younger, less educated and more socioeconomically deprived communities and families.

 
Keyword(s): DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, STRESS, DEPRESSION, SOCIAL SUPPORT, SOCIOECONOMIC -STATUS
 
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