Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING   2018 , Volume 9 , Number 1; Page(s) 39 To 57.
 
Paper: 

EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE (ORC) WITH ALGORITHMS NSGA-II, MOPSO, AND MOEA FOR EIGHT COOLANT FLUIDS

 
 
Author(s):  GHASEMIAN E., EHYAEI M.A.*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, PARDIS BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, PARDIS NEW CITY, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In this study, a simple organic cycle for eight subcritical coolant fluids has been studied thermodynamically and economically. For all the coolants, the present cycle was optimized for the best thermal and exergy efficiencies and the best cost of energy production. In a multipurpose procedure, using the three methods NSGA-II, MOPSO, and MOEA/D, design variables in the optimization are the inlet turbine pressure and temperature, the pinch temperature difference, the proximity temperature difference in regenerator exchanger, and condenser temperature difference. The optimization results show that, in all three methods, the impact of the parameters’ inlet turbine temperature and pressure on the three objective functions is much more than other design parameters. Coolant with positive temperature gradients shows a better performance but lower produced power. In optimization methods, among all the coolants, the MOPSO method showed higher thermal and energy efficiency, and the MOEA/D showed lower production power costs. In terms of the rate of convergence, also both the MOPSO and NSGA-II methods showed better performance. The fluid R11 with the 25.7% thermal efficiency, 57.3% exergy efficiency, and 0.054 USD cost per kWh showed the best performance among all of the coolants.

 
Keyword(s): OPTIMIZATION, ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE, COOLANT FLUID, EXERGY
 
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