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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS   FEBRUARY 2018 , Volume 6 , Number 2 (50); Page(s) 7081 To 7094.
 
Paper: 

GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES IN ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ATTITUDE AND SELF-ESTEEM WITH SMOKING BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A SECONDARY ANALYSIS APPLYING BAYESIAN NONPARAMETRIC FUNCTIONAL LATENT VARIABLE MODEL

 
 
Author(s):  KHODAYARI MOHAMMAD TAGHI, ABADI ALI REZA*, BAGHESTANI AHMAD REZA, ASGHARI JAFAR ABADI MOHAMMAD, MOHAMMADPOURASL ASGAR, NADRIAN HAIDAR
 
* DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Different patterns of gender-based relationships between attitude toward smoking and self-esteem with smoking behavior have reported. However, such associations may be much more complex than a simply supposed linear relationship. We aimed to propose a method of providing hand details on the total and gender-based scenarios of the relationships between attitude toward smoking and self-esteem with smoking. Materials and Methods: A secondary analysis conducted on a data set obtained for a cross-sectional study among 4, 905 male and female high school students in Tabriz, Iran (2012). We randomly selected 196 classes in a clustering process and invited all the students in the classes to participate in the study; then, investigated the relationship between smoking with attitude and self-esteem, as explanatory variables. We also found the data to fit a nonlinear functional relationship and to be free from normal condition due to applying Bayesian nonparametric functional latent variable model.
Results: Among all the students, attitude was found as the only variable with conceptual effect on smoking (p<0.05). Among boys, self-esteem showed no conceptual effect on smoking which was in contrast to those found among girls. Smoking among male students with low self-esteem was high, but it was gradually decreasing by rising self-esteem. Among girls, in contrast, smoking was descending by decreasing self-esteem.
Conclusion: The relationships between self-esteem and attitude with smoking may not be necessarily linear. Being at the high levels of self-esteem among boys may lead to the reduced levels of smoking, and among girls may result in the increased level of the behavior.

 
Keyword(s): ATTITUDE, BAYESIAN METHOD, CIGARETTE SMOKING, SELF- ESTEEM
 
 
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APA: Copy

KHODAYARI, M., & ABADI, A., & BAGHESTANI, A., & ASGHARI JAFAR ABADI, M., & MOHAMMADPOURASL, A., & NADRIAN, H. (2018). GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES IN ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ATTITUDE AND SELF-ESTEEM WITH SMOKING BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A SECONDARY ANALYSIS APPLYING BAYESIAN NONPARAMETRIC FUNCTIONAL LATENT VARIABLE MODEL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 6(2 (50)), 7081-7094. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=571836



Vancouver: Copy

KHODAYARI MOHAMMAD TAGHI, ABADI ALI REZA, BAGHESTANI AHMAD REZA, ASGHARI JAFAR ABADI MOHAMMAD, MOHAMMADPOURASL ASGAR, NADRIAN HAIDAR. GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES IN ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ATTITUDE AND SELF-ESTEEM WITH SMOKING BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A SECONDARY ANALYSIS APPLYING BAYESIAN NONPARAMETRIC FUNCTIONAL LATENT VARIABLE MODEL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. 2018 [cited 2021August04];6(2 (50)):7081-7094. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=571836



IEEE: Copy

KHODAYARI, M., ABADI, A., BAGHESTANI, A., ASGHARI JAFAR ABADI, M., MOHAMMADPOURASL, A., NADRIAN, H., 2018. GENDER-BASED DIFFERENCES IN ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ATTITUDE AND SELF-ESTEEM WITH SMOKING BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A SECONDARY ANALYSIS APPLYING BAYESIAN NONPARAMETRIC FUNCTIONAL LATENT VARIABLE MODEL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, [online] 6(2 (50)), pp.7081-7094. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=571836.



 
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