Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HORTICULTURE SCIENCE (AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY)   WINTER 2017 , Volume 30 , Number 4 #P0095; Page(s) 681 To 693.
 
Paper: 

GROWTH, FLOWERING TIME AND QUALITY OF TWELVE APPLE VARIETIES UNDER URMIA CLIMATE

 
 
Author(s):  REZAEE R.*, HASANI GH., SALEHI S.E.
 
* HORTICULTURE CROP RESEARCH DEPARTMENT, AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER, WEST AZERBAIJAN, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, EUCATION AND EXTENSION ORGANIZATION(AREO), URMIA, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Apple is a major commercial fruit crop grown in Iran. The country produces approximately 1.6 - 2.7 million tonnes of apples and was one of the top 10 apple producing countries in the world during the last decade. West Azerbaijan province, with more than 50, 000 hectare of apple orchards and by producing of approximately one million tonne of fresh apple, is one of the main regions of apple production in Iran. In this region, two common apple cultivars Red Delicious and Golden Delicious are dominant (>90%), which needs to be updated by new apple cultivars to satisfy different technical/management as well as worldwide marketing requirements. Apple cultivars evaluations was started in Iran since 1953 and a lot of apple collection were established, but and until new apple cultivar was not introduced to farmers, As a first step for introduction of alternative cultivars, in this study, vegetative growth, flowering time, fruit ripening time as well as fruit quality of 12 apple (Malus pumilla Mill) cultivars were evaluated under Urmia climatic conditions. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to evaluate vegetative growth, quality and compatibility of some apple cultivars to allow selection of alternative cultivars for commercial apple production in the northwest province of Iran...

 
Keyword(s): APPLE ORCHARD; FRUITING; ORCHARD MANAGEMENT; ADAPTATION, TREE VIGOR
 
References: 
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