Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF CARING SCIENCES   2018 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 9 To 15.
 
Paper: 

COPING WITH STRESS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

 
 
Author(s):  SURUCU HAMDIYE ARDA, BUYUKKAYA BESEN DILEK, DUMAN MESUDE*, ERBIL ELIF YETER
 
* DEPARTMENT OF NURSING, ATATURK SCHOOL OF HEALTH, DICLE UNIVERSITY, DIYARBAKIR, TURKEY
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The stress of pregnancy itself, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) that develops during pregnancy is also a stressor, because it can cause serious maternal and fetal health problems. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between the characteristics of pregnant women with GDM and their styles of coping with stress.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 126 pregnant women with GDM. The sample consisted of patients who applied to the diabetes mellitus training polyclinic of a training and research and university hospital in southeastern Turkey, Data were evaluated using descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality tests, Spearman's rho and Pearson Correlation analysis, the Student’s t-test, Mann–Whitney U-test and Kruskal–Wallis- test by SPSS software (version 13.0).
Results: It was determined that a planned pregnancy, a high educational level, a first pregnancy and weight gain were important factors in the women with GDM in the study who coped effectively with stress during pregnancy. Unemployment and a second or subsequent pregnancy were important factors in the women with GDM<who coped ineffectively with stress during pregnancy. In addition, it was determined that the hemoglobin HbA1c levels of the pregnant women with GDM with "optimistic" and "submissive" approaches towards coping with stress were lower.
Conclusion: It was determined that pregnant women with optimistic and submissive approaches towards coping with stress had lower HbA1c levels. It is suggested that randomized controlled studies be conducted to further determine the coping styles of patients with GDM.

 
Keyword(s): COPING BEHAVIOR, GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS, PREGNANT WOMEN, STRESS
 
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