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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH RESEARCH   2017 , Volume 6 , Number 4; Page(s) 223 To 228.
 
Paper: 

ESTABLISHING CONTENT AND FACE VALIDITY OF A DEVELOPED EDUCATIONAL MODULE: LIFE SKILL-BASED EDUCATION FOR IMPROVING EMOTIONAL HEALTH AND COPING MECHANISMS AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN MALAYSIAN ORPHANAGES

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADZADEH MARJAN*, AWANG HAMIDIN, ISMAIL SURIANI, KADIR SHAHAR HAYATI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH, FACULTY OF MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA, SERDANG, MALAYSIA
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: The current study as a part of our investigation on improving emotional and behavioural health in Malaysian orphanages was aimed to establish Content Validity Index (CVI) as well as Face Validity of a new life skill-based module for improving emotional health and coping mechanisms in Malaysian Institutionalised Adolescents of 2 different orphanages.
Methods: In order to assess the content validity we used a 16-item questionnaire. The initial version of the module was reviewed by 9 experts in the area. Then, the face validity of the module was assessed among 30 adolescents aged 14-17 from 2 different orphanages. By Using Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS21) and Brief COPE scale as the study instruments, the emotional heath and coping mechanisms among the participants were investigated before and after a life skills workshop (pre- and post-test). The activities in the workshop were randomly selected from the module activities.
Results: The Results of the first part of the study showed that the minimum Value of the Item-level Content Validity Index and the computed sum of items (S-CVI) for the study module were 0.78 and 0.93 respectively. The results of the second part of the study showed that the selected activities from module significantly change the coping mechanisms expect substance use, behavior disengagement, venting, humor and religion (p>0.05). Furthermore, the mean score of anxiety (t=5.39, P<0.001) and stress (t=3.90, P<0.001) significantly decreased among the participants in post-test but there was no significant change on the mean score of depression (t=0.50, P=0.59).
Conclusion: both contend and face validity of the developed module were approved.

 
Keyword(s): CONTENT VALIDITY, FACE VALIDITY, LIFE SKILLS EDUCATION, HEALTH EDUCATION, MALAYSIAN INSTITUTIONALISED ADOLESCENTS
 
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