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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH RESEARCH   2017 , Volume 6 , Number 4; Page(s) 200 To 206.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG TAXI DRIVERS IN YAZD, IRAN, 2016

 
 
Author(s):  REZAEI HACHESU VIDA, NADERYAN FELI SHADI, ZARE SAKHVIDI MOHAMMAD JAVAD*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, SHAHID SADOUGHI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, YAZD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the first cause of death in the world. Taxi drivers are a high risk group for developing cardiovascular diseases, due to exposure to unhealthy working conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among taxi drivers.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 on 110 taxi drivers that were selected by a simple random sampling method. Prevalence of dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, hypertension and diabetes were estimated. Descriptive statistics and the extended Fisher exact test were used for data analysis.
Results: In this study, all participants were male, with mean age and experience of 46.4±11.6 and 11.3±8.8 years, respectively. Among all subjects, 89.1% had at least one risk factor, 30% two risk factors, 22.7% three risk factors, 14.5% four risk factors, and 4.5% five risk factors. This study showed that prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and smoking among subjects were 35.5, 10, 66.4 and 12.7, respectively. Also 45.45% and 25.45 % of individuals were overweight and obese, respectively.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (especially low HDL-C) among taxi drivers. However, training courses for lifestyle modification can potentially be effective in preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases in these people.

 
Keyword(s): TAXI DRIVERS, RISK FACTORS, CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
 
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