Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY   MARCH-APRIL 2018 , Volume 12 , Number 2; Page(s) 15 To 20.
 
Paper: 

IN VIVO ASSESSMENT OF GAMMA RAYS, ELECTRON-BEAM IRRADIATION PLUS A COMMERCIAL TOXIN BINDER (MILBOND-TX) AS AN ANTI-AFLATOXIN B1 IN A CHICKEN MODEL

 
 
Author(s):  HASANPOUR SAEED, RAHIMI SHABAN, FANI MAKKI OMID*, SHAHHOSSEINI GHOLAMREZA, KHOSRAVI ALIREZA
 
* RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OFFICE, ZARIN GOSTAR SARINA COMPANY, KASHMAR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Aspergillus flavus is the most important fungus for production of Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). This study evaluated the ability of gamma rays (GRs) and electron-beam irradiation (EBI) to counteract the deleterious effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in a chicken model.
Methods: Overall, 168 one-day-old male Coturnix quails were assigned to eight treatments for 42 d in Tehran, Iran, in 2010 and 2011. Two dietary inclusion rates of AFB1 (0 and 2 ppm) and toxin binders, such as 0, 27 kGy doses of GRs, 27 kGy doses of EBI, and 0.3% of commercial toxin binder-milbond-TX, were tested in a 2
´4 factorial manner. Serum biochemical parameters, immune response, and dietary treatments on factors associated with kidney and lipid profiles were determined on day 42.
Results: AFB1 significantly decreased the hematological parameters (Hematocrit in 21 and 42 d), immune response (White blood cell (WBC), heterophil to lymphocyte ratio (H/L) and sheep red blood cell (SRBC)), and blood chemical factors (glucose, albumin, total protein, and triglycerides) compared to the control diet (P<0.05). It also significantly increased the calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels (P<0.05). The addition of toxin binders, such as GRs, EBI, and milbond-TX, in the contaminated diets significantly diminished the inhibitory effects of dietary AFB1 (P<0.05) on the hematological parameters, immune response, blood chemical factors, and factors associated with kidney and lipids profile with no differences compared to the control diet.
Conclusion: The addition of these toxin binders may reduce the adverse effects produced by the presence of AFB1 in Japanese quails’ diets.

 
Keyword(s): AFLATOXIN B1, ELECTRON-BEAM IRRADIATION, GAMMA RAYS, JAPANESE QUAIL, MILBOND-TX
 
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