Paper Information

Journal:   MILITARY CARING SCIENCES   WINTER 2018 , Volume 4 , Number 4 (14) #B0060; Page(s) 227 To 235.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF BASIC CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION TRAINING, BY THE PRESENTATION METHOD, ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SOLDIERS IN MILITARY UNITS

 
DOI: 

10.29252/mcs.4.4.227

 
Author(s):  CHEGENI Z., ALIYARI SH.*, PISHGOOIE S.A.H.
 
* IRAN, TEHRAN, AJA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, FACULTY OF NURSING, MATERNAL NEWBORN HEALTH DEPARTMENT
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Cardiac arrest is one of the most common causes of mortality in Iran. The reaction of the first persons who deal with such patients in the first minutes of incidence is of great importance in the prognosis of the disease as well as death or survival of the patient.
Objective: the current study aimed at examining the effect of basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation training by the presentation method on soldiers’ performance.
Materials and Methods: In the current experimental study conducted in 2017, two military units were randomly selected. A total of 28 soldiers were randomly selected from each unit and allocated into the intervention and control groups. A pre-test was conducted on both groups in order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the researcher-made performance checklist. Then, the intervention group was trained by the researcher using presentation method and the control group received the previously employed educations. After 1 week, the post-test was performed on both groups. Finally, the data were analyzed using Fisher statistical exact test, t test, and paired t test with SPSS version16.
Results: There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of demographic characteristics (P>0.05). The mean performance score before and after the intervention were 2.56 ± 1.68 and 2.08 ± 1.70 in the intervention group (P>0.05), while 20.16 ± 2.17 and 1.48 ± 2.16 in the control group, respectively. Independent t test showed a significant difference between the groups in terms of the post-test scores (P<0.001). Paired t test showed a significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the intervention group (P<0.001), but the difference between the pretest and posttest scores of the control group was insignificant (P<0.05).
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training in the intervention group. Consequently, due to the remarkable effect of such trainings on soldiers by the presentation method, it is recommended to hold basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation training workshops by the same method for the army task force in order to improve their performance.

 
Keyword(s): CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION, PERFORMANCE, PRESENTATION TEACHING METHOD, SOLDIERS
 
References: 
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