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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNALS OF HERBMED PHARMACOLOGY   2018 , Volume 7 , Number 2 ; Page(s) 74 To 78.
 
Paper: 

BIOACTIVITY GUIDED ISOLATION OF APIGENIN FROM STACHYS LAVANDULIFOLIA VAHL. IN MICE WITH ANXIOLYTIC EFFECTS

 
 
Author(s):  RABBANI MOHAMMAD, SAJJADI SEYED EBRAHIM, KARIMI FIROUZJAEI MASOUMEH, GHANADIAN MUSTAFA*
 
* ISFAHAN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH CENTRE, SCHOOL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Stachys lavandulifolia is traditionally used for the treatment of anxiety. Our previous study showed that the ethyl acetate fraction of the plant had substantial anxiolytic action in mice. The present study was aimed to investigate the main constituent responsible for the observed effects.
Methods: Ethyl acetate extract was fractionated using column chromatography. Yielded fractions (FR1-4) at 50 mg/kg, and diazepam at 0.5 mg/kg were tested on the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Bioactive fraction was subjected to more purification on repeated chromatography columns. The isolated compound was identified based on 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and ESI-Mass spectra.
Results: In the time spent in open arm, Fr1, and Fr3 did not show any significant effect on mice behavior, Fr2 marginally decreased the percentage of spent time by -8.4%, and Fr4 significant increased in the time spent in the open arms by 15.7%. In the open arm entry number Fr1, and Fr2 did not show any significant effect on mice behavior, Fr3 marginally increased the percentage of open arm entries by 7.9 %, and Fr4 significantly increased the open arm entry by 18.2%. The bioactive fraction (Fr.4) was subjected to more purification. Phytochemical analysis of Fr4 lead to the identification of 4’, 5, 7-trihydroxyflavon (apigenin).
Conclusion: Semi-polar sub-fraction of S. lavandulifolia showed anxiolytic effects by increased time spent and the entry numbers in the open arms comparable to diazepam in the EPM model in mice. Bioactivity-guided isolation leads to the characterization of apigenin with flavone structure as its active constituent. Hence, it might be introduced as a new anxiolytic agent.

 
Keyword(s): ANXIETY, STACHYS LAVANDULIFOLIA VAHL. ELEVATED, PLUS-MAZE, APIGENIN
 
References: 
 
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