Paper Information

Journal:   MILITARY CARING SCIENCES   FALL 2017 , Volume 4 , Number 3 (13) #B0059; Page(s) 168 To 177.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF BENSON’S RELAXATION METHOD ON PAIN SEVERITY AFTER LAMINECTOMY IN PATIENTS ADMITTED TO AJA HOSPITALS

 
 
Author(s):  MOMEN R., ROSHANDEL M.*, PISHGOOIE S.A.H.
 
* IRAN, TEHRAN, INSTRUCTOR, IRAN, TEHRAN, AJA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, FACULTY OF NURSING, COMMUNITY HEALTH DEPARTMENT
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Nowadays, the use of a variety of relaxation methods has been relatively common in reducing patients’ anxiety. However, there are conflicting results regarding the effectiveness of these methods on patients’ pain.
Objectives: This study aimed at examining the effect of the Benson’s relaxation technique on the pain severity after laminectomy surgery in AJA hospitals.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 62 patients undergoing lumbar laminectomy surgery in AJA hospitals were selected in 2016 and randomly divided into two groups: intervention (n=31) and control (n=31). The pain visual scale was used to assess the patients’ pain severity. After measuring the severity of pain in all subjects before the surgery and teaching the Benson’s relaxation technique in the intervention group, the pain intensity of the patients at 2, 12 and 24 hours after the operation and after relaxation technique (in the intervention group), and without using the technique (in the control group) was evaluated. Data were analyzed using the Fisher and independent t tests by the SPSS 21 software.
Results: The results of the study showed that the mean pain intensity after the first stage of the intervention was 37.5±76.1 in the experimental group and 77.6±17.1 in the control group, after the second stage of the intervention 80.4 ± 25.1 in the experimental group and 5.77±1.47 in the control group and after the third stage of the intervention was 67.3±14.1 in the experimental group and 06.5±92.0 in the control group. The Benson’s relaxation technique had a positive and significant effect on pain severity in this group of patients after all three intervention stages.
Discussion and Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the use of the Benson’s relaxation technique is identified and introduced as an effective factor in reducing the pain of patients with laminectomy. The use of this technique is recommended as a complementary method for reducing the pain of these patients.

 
Keyword(s): BENSON RELAXATION, LAMINECTOMY, LOW BACK PAIN
 
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