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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS (JAFM)   2016 , Volume 9 , Number 3; Page(s) 1273 To 1283.
 
Paper: 

MEAN VELOCITY PREDICTIONS IN VEGETATED FLOWS

 
 
Author(s):  MORRI M., SOUALMIA A.*, BELLEUDY P.
 
* LABORATORY OF WATER SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRONOMY OF TUNISIA, UNIVERSITY OF CARTHAGE, TUNIS, TUNISIA
 
Abstract: 

Vegetation plays an important role in influencing the hydrodynamic behavior, ecological equilibrium and environmental characteristics of water bodies. Several previous models have been developed, to predict hydraulic conditions in vegetated rivers, but only few are actually used in practice. In This paper six analytic model derived for submerged vegetation are compared and evaluate: Klopstraet al. (1997), Stone and Shen (2002), Van velzen (2003), Baptistet al. (2007), Huthoff et al. (2007) and Yang and Choi (2010). The evaluation of the flow formulas is based on the comparison with experimental data from literature using the criteria of deviation. Most descriptors show a good performance for predicting the mean velocity for rigid vegetation. However, the flow formulas proposed by Klopstraet al. (1997) and Huthoff et al. (2007) show the best fit to experimental data. Only for experiments with law density, these models indicate an underestimation. Velocity predicted for flexible vegetation by the six models is less accurate than the prediction in the case of rigid vegetation.

 
Keyword(s): MEAN VELOCITY, VEGETATION, ANALYTIC MODELS, MEASURED DATA, PERFORMANCE, UNDERESTIMATION
 
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